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LIVING HISTORY
World War Two hero turns 100

EASTON — Decorated World War II Army veteran and Hillsboro resident Ernst Selig turned 100 today, May 5.

Selig, who was born in Germany, came to the United States at age 15, and after the war began, he enlisted and served as an interpreter and in intelligence in fighting in Italy, France and Germany.

During his service in the war, he was decorated for valor he showed and the injury he sustained trying to rescue a German girl from danger.

He spoke about these and other experiences in the war in an interview on Veterans Day in 2021, and in a follow-up interview days before his birthday.

From Germany to America

Selig was born in Manhiem on the Rhine River in Germany, and in 1937 he journeyed to America on a ship, where he arrived in New York City.

“My father decided in 1935 or 36 that I would go to America,” Selig recalled. “He announced at dinner one day that I would go to America.”

He was 15 at the time.

“Naturally, I cried, I didn’t want to go to America because of the Indians. So I bought an axe right away because in America you have to have an axe to protect yourself against the Indians,” he said of his skewed perception of his soon-to-be home.

Promotion in rank (of sorts)

“I became a ‘field marshal’ before we got into France,” Selig said. “The battalion was on exercises and the rule was wherever the Colonel of our battalion goes, that’s where I go.”

“So I went one exercise with him, and the general came down. The enemy (the American troops acting as the opposition forces) ran away. I said, ‘This is no good, we need to have a better exercise,’ so the colonel said, ‘Tomorrow you command the enemy forces,’” Selig recalled.

Selig picked his men, then they dug trenches and covered them up. When the American forces came, they fell in the holes, and Selig’s troops captured them.

“From now on, you’re the ‘field marshal,’” the colonel told Selig. The field marshal rank is the equivalent of a five-star general.

To the front

The unit did three or four more similar field exercises simulating opposition forces. On one, Selig and his handpicked men went with the colonel and captured the troops playing the role of the German opposition forces.

After training was completed, Selig was assigned as a replacement to a unit that needed a German linguist, so he boarded a troop ship that crossed the Atlantic and stopped in Oran, Algeria, where he stayed for several weeks and was made a temporary staff sergeant.

On the troop train, he was put in charge of one car, and Selig had to translate for the officer in charge of the train with the French-speaking train crew. Selig and the others boarded a ship to cross the Mediterranean Sea to get to Naples, the location of the replacement depot for the Allied forces fighting in the Italian theater.

A warrant officer processing Selig asked if he spoke German, and spoke it fluently, and after an affirmative response, Selig was assigned to a unit: the 45th Infantry Division, the National Guard unit from Oklahoma.

With the 45th Infantry

Selig joined the 45th at Monte Cassino. “The only battle I was not with them was on Sicily, I joined them after they got back from Sicily.”

The day he joined, a lieutenant came to pick Selig up, and he was surprised when the officer picked up his large bag and carried it to the jeep: “In training, you don’t see officers, only sergeants.”

Selig arrived at his unit, where the major greeted him with a serious admonition upon arrival: “Don’t do anything unless I tell you to.”

“My battalion commander had a linguist before me, and he told me he got hit on the street — ‘Don’t go out, don’t do anything unless I tell you to,’” the officer told him.

In the following days, the new arrival worked to acclimate himself to his new environment by talking with Moroccans on the French-speaking intelligence team of his new unit, and by reviewing maps with a fellow German-American soldier.

“Something’s fishy,” Selig said to himself. “There’s something fishy. I don’t know anything and I don’t know why I’m here.”

He went to talked to the major seeking permission to go on a patrol.

“I want to know what’s going on,” he told his commander. “Go with B Company tomorrow,” came the response.

First patrol

On the patrol, some German forces were approaching on the other side of the treeline, and Selig asked the patrol leader if he could try to talk to the enemy and persuade them to surrender. “It’s too dangerous,” the lieutenant said.

Selig returned and reported to his colonel before going to sleep. He woke up to ambulances evacuating wounded soldiers — the Moroccans on the other intelligence team had taken serious losses from a dug-in German unit.

The war progressed and while the 45th was still fighting in France, Selig was put in charge of the intelligence unit, a six-man team team with two French speakers, two other German speakers and one Spanish translator.

“It got to the point later on, I tried to get an interpreter in every rifle company, because it was very important — the sooner you can interrogate people, the better off you are,” Selig said.

Valor and injury

The 45th fought into Germany and in Fürth, a small town next to Nuremberg. Selig had 13 prisoners to interrogate, and his partner, a fellow German linguist named Fritz, was elsewhere.

“One of my company commanders called me up and said, ‘There’s a little girl running around the street behind us, get her off the street before she gets hurt,’” Selig recalled.

While it was unclear why the little German girl was in the street, the danger she faced was clear. “So I grabbed a bicycle and I tried to pedal it down there,” Selig said. “The (German) artillery observer was behind me in a railroad tower.”

The German observer in the two-story railroad control tower likely saw Selig and thought he was a messenger, so he ordered two artillery rounds to be fired, one on each side of the street.

“He ordered the guns to fire at the houses, so smashed up two or three houses, which was foolish. The debris from the rooftops hit me, and I was down and I was unconscious,” Selig said, “When I came to, I grabbed my weapon and my helmet and left the bicycle and ran back to headquarters.”

He saw his lieutenant, and called for him, “Stewart, Stewart!”

“I told you to call me Lieutenant Steward … forget it, you’re bleeding all over,” the lieutenant responded.

“I said, ‘Yeah, I got hit,” Selig replied.

Selig was given a tranquilizer and put on a medical train to an evacuation hospital. While on the gurney in triage, the doctor told him what procedures were about to happen. Selig was asked if he wanted to keep or lose an injured finger.

“It’ll be stiff,” Selig was told.

“Well, I want to keep it,” he replied.

Meanwhile, Selig was interpreting for the doctor caring for a German prisoner of war in the adjacent bed.

“We want to keep this guy because he can tell us what’s going on,” the other doctor said.

“I don’t want to stay here, I want to go back to my unit,” Selig replied.

The friendly interrogator

Selig had lots of work during the war talking to captured Germans. He believed in a different approach to interrogation, the one his fellow interrogator and friend Fritz embraced. Fritz, who came to America when he was 4 years old, embraced an American colloquialism: “You catch more flies with honey,” Selig said. “He taught me that.”

“The problem is that you can try to scare people into telling you, or you can get people to like you so they tell you the truth,” he added. “If you scare them into telling you, they’ll tell you what you want to hear.”

The prison escort would tell the interrogators, “This man gave up.” Fritz would shake the man’s hand and say, “Thank you for coming to your senses, we are happy to have you. You’re going to go to prison camp, and then you’re going to go home and have a wife and children.”

“The prisoners were wonderful, they told us everything we wanted to know,” Selig said; however, “If they were captured, we wouldn’t shake hands.”

“Gen. Eisenhower issued an order that we were not supposed to shake hands with a prisoner, but we ignored that for the people who gave up voluntarily,” Selig confided.

Selig estimated he did about 120 total interrogations, about one or two a day during the campaign, and of those, only two wouldn’t talk to him.

One was an airborne lieutenant, who only provided Selig with his name, rank and serial number.

Selig called for prisoner escorts to take the German officer, a detail led by a corporal named Brave. Brave was a “little guy,” Selig said facetiously, about 6-foot-2 and 200 pounds. “When he shook hands with you, you rubbed your hands afterward (because of the strength of the grip), but he was a nice guy.”

Selig asked Brave to come himself instead of sending two privates. “Stand up,” Brave barked to the prisoner when he entered the room. “He doesn’t speak English,” Selig replied. “Well, he’s gonna learn,” Brave said.

Brave explained to the prisoner through Selig that due to U.S. Army safety regulations, Brave, the prisoner and the rest of the detail would have to take turns riding in the jeep and running in front of it.

They left, and about a half an hour later, the regimental interrogator called Selig asking why he had sent the prisoner. “He wouldn’t talk,” Selig said. “What do you mean he wouldn’t talk? He has diarrhea of the mouth, I can’t stop him from talking,” came the retort. Selig asked Brave what happened. “We didn’t abuse him, we ran,” said the sergeant. Selig explained that the running shouldn’t have been a problem for the paratrooper, as airborne units have higher levels of fitness. “He didn’t want to run ... so, he talked.”

The other case was a German lieutenant colonel who had served as a combat engineer on the Russian front. Selig’s unit had received information that the German army was putting secret messages in watches, so he made a practice of checking the watches — especially pocket watches — of all of the prisoners. He was checking the officer’s watch, and the prisoner said, “All you want to know is how many diamonds are there.”

“I don’t care about diamonds in the watch,” Selig replied.

“If it doesn’t have enough stones, you’ll probably give it to your sergeant,” the German solider said. “Otherwise, you’ll keep it.”

“You’re insulting me. You’re trying to make me believe I’m stealing from you. I tell you what I think about your watch,” Selig said, and he threw the watch on the ground and stomped on it. “I was angry,” said the otherwise stoic and imperturbable Selig. “I shouldn’t have been, but I was. So, he lost the watch and he didn’t talk.”

In an interview on April 25, Selig was asked about happy memories of his youth in Germany.

“Once Hitler was in power, there was nothing happy anymore.”

Selig recalled multiple instances of watching Hitler’s motorcade pass in front of his house. Selig and his family lived on the road that led to the airport, and the residents of the area would gather to watch the nation’s leader pass by.

One day Selig’s mother told the children they could no longer watch the motorcade pass by from the balcony as they had done before for fear that they would get in trouble for not giving the Nazi salute.

Celebration and rules to live by

Selig talked about his upcoming birthday celebration plans, reminisced about memories from his youth and gave advice to those aspiring to longevity.

He and his loved ones are planning celebrations for the upcoming weekend; one with immediate family, one with neighbors and community members and another with a religious focus.

For advice for healthy living, Selig said proper diet and hydration was essential.

As far as practical advice, Selig shared the five points he inculcated into his children, as well as those working under him in the military and civilian sector:

1. Be honest

2. Don’t embellish

3. Don’t steal

4. Wear a proper uniform of the day

5. Be punctual

Mike Detmer is a staff writer for the Dorchester Star and Star Democrat based in Maryland. You can reach him at mdetmer@chespub.com.


Chesapeake College generates excitement for future projects

WYE MILLS — Chesapeake College in Wye Mills has been teaching students for 57 years. It is the first regional college in Maryland that is supported by more than one county.

“We have five service counties supporting us and that’s the most of any regional college in the state of Maryland,” said College President Cliff Coppersmith.

Chesapeake College is supported by all five Mid-Shore counties and is expected to graduate approximately 250 students this year. At present, there are 1,645 credit-earning students. The college is a two-year community college that offers degrees and certificates in many areas, including liberal arts, trades, commercial driver licenses, nursing, and paramedic training.

The college began in 1965 without a campus. “It was located in facilities across the region with the campus coming online about 1967 and it took about two years to build what is right here in the center of the campus,” Coppersmith said.

“Before the pandemic, we had about a third of our enrollments or 30% as online students. Now those numbers have spiked to much higher and now it’s a little more than half online or over 50%,” said David Harper, vice president of workforce and academics.

The school has a high-tech area for nursing and paramedics with ambulance, car accident and patient simulators.

“We have simulators. We have mannequins and computer-operated mannequins. The instructor can use the computer interface to create various scenarios with different symptoms being exhibited by the patient,” said Marcy Molloy, director of public information for Chesapeake College.

A patient can work inside an actual ambulance in the classroom with a computerized mannequin that is very realistic.

“It’s state-of-the-art training and it gives our students opportunities to learn skills and experience scenarios in a safe and familiar environment,” Molloy said.

The campus works to reduce its carbon footprint by generating its own power.

“On a sunny summer day the college can provide all of its own power. So it can go off grid because we have massive batteries,” Harper said. “Overall we generate about half of our power on campus during the year and that’s a direct benefit to students because we don’t have to spend money on electricity.”

The school has planted a forest that will be part of a walking trail with scenic pools of water.

“You’re going to be able to bring your dog and walk through a beautiful woods trail with water and turtle platforms with wildlife. Part of our responsibility is to be good stewards of the environment, take good care of the local region since we're here at the headwaters of a tributary to the Wye River,” Harper said.

The school is open seven days a week and classes are from 8:30 a.m. until 9:30 p.m.

“We have classes that are run over the weekend, including Sundays, largely in the health professions. We have a CDL truck driving program that pretty much runs five or six days a week,” Coppersmith said.

Most students complete their Liberal Arts and Sciences credits at Chesapeake College before transferring to a four-year university.

“Many of our students go to Salisbury University but some also go to University of Maryland. They go up to the University of Delaware. They go to Pennsylvania but most of them stay in the state,” Coppersmith said.

Some faculty and students have figured out how to get a four-year degree through Chesapeake College.

“We have social science majors or social sociology or social work majors who will actually stay here and do four-year degrees right here on campus and education and business,” Coppersmith said.

A variety of skilled trade certifications are available for those who choose not to go on to a four-year university.

“The other half of our mission is the workforce piece which is our health professionals, skilled trades and then much more short term programs like veterinary assistant to CNA and that’s roughly the other half of our student body,” Coppersmith said.

About 20 percent of local graduating high school seniors go to Chesapeake College.

“We are the college of first resort for many of our students. We’re a community college serving our community. We still have a very large proportion of our students who will start college at Chesapeake. We want our public to know that that’s what we are here for,” Coppersmith said.

“We pride ourselves on how well and how comprehensive we support out students. We care about them as individuals and we want to help them to a better life,” Harper said.

The college takes great pride in its athletic programs.

“We’re also very competitive when it comes to athletics to the point of attracting folks from outside the region but also being a hub for students, and athletes within the region,” said Kamari Collins, vice president of student success and enrollment management.

Chesapeake College is high recognized for its sports programs.

“Nationally we’re a Division II Junior College program and this year they did very well. Our men’s basketball team, just this past season was ranked as high as four. Our women’s basketball team is always very competitive,” Collins said.

Administrators want the campus community to be inclusive of everyone.

“A huge discussion right now is equity access and inclusion and the college has always been about that. But we need to do better. That’s an effort that we’ve been focusing on very much in the last two years, taking care of all our students no matter what their race, socio-economic status, their age, their veteran status or disability status, we want to make sure that every student who comes to Chesapeake can be successful,” Collins said.

Chesapeake College is in Wye Mills but they also have a campus in Cambridge.

“We have a center in downtown Cambridge just off Race Street. Right in the middle of the city, it has a refreshed skilled trades lab and a refreshed health professionals lab to bring our services there,” Harper said.

Chesapeake College is not just a community college. It has access to programs for higher degrees.

“We have on campus here a higher education center where students can get bachelor’s degrees, master’s degrees and even some terminal degrees,” Harper said.

The campus, which was once a corn field, is active in futuristic technology to better local environments.

“Global positioning and other technologies are used to map out where there’s floodplains from the Bay, with the water rising and with climate change and also looking at where land and sediment are settling in. Dorchester County is very impacted by that,” Harper said.

For more information on Chesapeake College, call 410-822-5400 or visit the website at www.chesapeake.edu.


Crime
breaking centerpiece featured
Two women charged in August 2021 death of 3-week-old infant

FEDERALSBURG — Two women were indicted in the Caroline County Circuit Court in connection with the August 2021 death of an infant, according to police.

On Wednesday, May 4, Federalsburg Police announced that Amanda Theresa Johnson, 33, of Federalsburg, and Theresa Marie Draper, 57, of Federalsburg, are both facing charges in connection with the infant’s death.

On Aug. 7, 2021, FPD officers responded to the 3400 block of Holland Drive to assist emergency medical services personnel with an infant child reportedly in cardiac arrest.

The child, Jayleeyah Whaley, was unconscious, unresponsive and could not be revived. She was just under a month old.

A death investigation was conducted by FPD officers, which included multiple search warrants in Maryland and Delaware.

Johnson, the infant’s mother, is charged with first- and second-degree murder, manslaughter, involuntary manslaughter, reckless endangerment and neglect of a minor.

According to police, Johnson was arrested by Delaware State Police and is currently being held under a $1 million bond on a governor’s warrant in Delaware awaiting extradition to Maryland.

Draper is charged with involuntary manslaughter, reckless endangerment and neglect of a minor.

Police said Draper was arrested without incident at her home in Federalsburg and transported to the Caroline County Detention Center. According to online court records, her bail is set at $50,000.


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